10 Things I Wish I'd Known Before Going to Music School

Music school is a very unique experience. Managing a jam-packed schedule, juggling multiple instruments, singing in front of an entire class, and taking private lessons for a grade can be overwhelming. And if that weren’t enough you have to also master Bio 101, College Writing, and the Art of the Bibliography. After "syllabus" week is over and the assignments start rolling in, you may be overwhelmed because of the 100 aforementioned classes and the newness of it all.

The quirks of music school are truly one only to experience and not to describe, but after 10 years in music school, I thought I’d offer a bit of perspective for the newbies.

#1: Learn how to learn.

This may seem like an obvious one, but I truly believe I didn’t know how to learn until I got to grad school. You may do well reading the book before you go to class, just after the class, or the next day. You may want to keep track of what you’ve tried and what worked best for you.

But for the love of God, when you are studying, put your phone on do not disturb. It is not “off” but it doesn’t alert you when someone is trying to summon you to get coffee with them for the third time that day. If you miss this opportunity there will be others, I PROMISE.

Pro-tip: when you are reading a chapter in music history (let’s be honest, it's dense) it can be hard to know what the most important information is to gather. Look to the end of the chapter, read the summary, and the questions or “mini-quiz” before going back and reading the full chapter. You’ll know what to look for when you do this.

Learn how to practice! Practicing is a skill just like playing your instrument is a skill. If you have practice habits that aren’t serving you, change them, try something new, what do you have to lose!? Try new methods, and reflect on which worked and which didn't! You’ll never know until you try! It is not a bad thing if something doesn’t work for you. I’ve tried plenty of practice methods that don’t work for me, and I'm really glad I tried them!

Take responsibility for figuring out how you practice best. Read that a few times. Nobody is you, so nobody will know how you practice best, except you!


Did you notice I put that one in all caps? They happen to EVERYONE. Nobody can escape them. Whether it be in the practice room, going to the wrong class, missing an assignment on accident, or miscommunication with a teacher, it will happen. And when it does simply say to yourself, “Oh this is the mistake!! I did it! I hear everyone in college makes them!” It’s basically a right of passage, otherwise you’ll have no good stories when you reminisce about your college years as you turn 30.

Mistakes are essential to learning. The more you have to consider a problem or a mistake that has occurred, the MORE YOU LEARN. I’m not just saying that this has been tested. If you make mistakes, you learn. If you think you sound perfect in your practice room all the time, you’re not aware of your deficiencies - and when you have to play well to secure employment, ignorance is not bliss… It could literally cost you a job.


Oh, is that one in all caps too? But seriously, just go to class. Showing up will always make you feel more at ease. It will show your teacher that you are interested enough to go to class, and maybe even participate! I would also advise being 15 minutes early to any rehearsal and 5 minutes early to class. This will ensure that you know what’s happening and will allow you to focus on the next task.

Music majors sometimes have 5 classes in one day, and changing from one subject to another can be hard in terms of focus. Take a moment between classes to “release tension, and set intention.” This is from Brendon Burchard’s High Performance Habits, and I think it is particularly useful in the hectic lives of music students. So, take a moment, breathe, release the tension in your body, and set an intention about the next hour or two you’re going to be experiencing whether it be in class, practicing, or a rehearsal.

#4: Get Curious! Ask Questions!

I’m going to let you in on a little behind-the-scenes secret about professors. They LOVE when people ask them questions about the material they’re presenting. I always love questions, because I love talking about what I’m teaching, and likely your professor does as well. If something is confusing, the teacher wants nothing more than to help you understand (it is LITERALLY THEIR JOB)!

Whenever I approach teaching, I want my students to think that what I’m talking about is as cool as I think it is. So, when someone is engaged, interested, or wants a deeper understanding, it is just about my favorite moment ever. So, if you need help understanding something, ask! Use office hours! As someone who always tried to figure it out myself, I know I could have done a lot better and probably enjoyed my classes so much more if I had just gone and asked for help (specifically in undergrad).

#5: Check-in with yourself.

This is a big one. Self-reflection is crucial. Start to form your own opinions about topics being discussed in studio class, music history, music theory, etc. If you go into your lessons week after week just hoping that you did what your professor wanted you to do and nothing more, this is so draining. Here are some questions I like to ask myself to develop opinions and develop my playing in the practice room:

Do I love how I sound in this passage? Why? What specifically will I change? How will I change it?

Who’s sound do I love? How can I imitate that sound? What did I change physically to accomplish this?

These are just a couple of productive questions to ask yourself. If you’re not getting curious and asking yourself questions in the practice room, this will be a long four years…

#6: Own your education.

Real talk: you’re not at the mercy of your instruction, go figure stuff out. If you are a performance major, this specifically applies to you. I’ve had many students in the past ask me if it was okay to start learning a piece, or if it is okay if they do a competition. JUST DO IT. If you’ve fallen in love with a piece, order the music and start getting curious about it! Just because someone didn’t teach you something, doesn’t mean you shouldn’t try to learn it on your own!

My teacher would always say, “participate in your own education.” I believe this is what she meant. Try to discover things yourself, and if you aren’t assigned something, but want to try to learn it anyway, do it! -- As long as it doesn’t take away from the work you have been assigned.

In the U.S. we have an education system that teaches us everything. We are required to do little to nothing outside of what is taught in the classroom. We aren’t encouraged to read more or get curious about subjects, or even necessarily to have our own opinions about them. We get assignments, we do the assignments. This is where music school is different. Just completing a music degree isn’t enough, because you don’t even necessarily need a degree to win an audition.

At the end of the day, you are the one on stage, not your teachers. Take ownership of that! If you try something and it’s not working, don’t give up and say, “well I’ll ask about this in my lesson in 4 days…” Try to figure it out yourself! If you don’t, you are missing out on an opportunity to learn.

Learning does not have to be transferred from one person to another. You can (and should) learn from yourself! And honestly, you should try to learn from yourself actively in every practice session. If that’s your goal, you will increase your productivity so much it may make your head spin.

#7: You may have to study or practice more than other people -- AND THAT DOESN’T MEAN ANYTHING.

I want to shout this one from the rooftops. Maybe it was just the culture of my high school, but it seemed to me that it was considered “cool” to not study much and get good grades. I had a lot of smart friends, so I labeled myself “dumb” because our study times weren't the same. So, my solution was to get worse grades because I didn't' want people to think I had to try really hard. This was simply because I couldn’t learn the material with a quick read through the chapter. I had to be more engaged. If I didn’t buy into how interesting it was, it was very hard for me to absorb the material, let alone reproduce it during a test.

I’ve also had moments where I was amazed by how quickly someone could learn something. I began to feel bad about how quickly I could learn (and especially memorize) certain things. This led to a lot of negative self-talk and thinking I just wasn’t as smart as other people. This is a big one for me. I wish I could just go back 11 years and tell little baby freshman Chelsea that it doesn’t matter how long you have to study, it doesn’t mean anything.

I didn’t think it was fair that I needed more time to absorb the material, so I just got worse grades instead. That was truly just a disservice to me in the end. The number of hours you study is not a reflection of your intelligence. Having your own back and really knowing the material so you can empower yourself when the test comes around is a pretty good sign of intelligence.

#8: Treat your practice time as if it were a large ensemble rehearsal.

Think of all the ways you show up for an ensemble rehearsal:

You’re 15-20 minutes early. You get warmed up. You DON’T HAVE YOUR PHONE ON YOUR STAND. You are engaged and attentive. You don’t skip a rehearsal to go get lunch.

What if you treated your practice time this way? What if you had the same amount of respect for your practice time that you did for large ensemble rehearsals? Would you get more done?

Treating your own time as you would treat other people’s time is something that is hard to learn, but ultimately will build integrity with yourself. If you make an appointment with yourself to practice, treat it as if it is a rehearsal. So, if someone says, “let’s go grab coffee!” you would respond, “Oh, I have a practice session